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Right sided diaphragmatic hernia secondary to blunt abdominal trauma

Right sided diaphragmatic injury secondary to blunt trauma

Fernando Joglar, MD, San Juan, Puerto Rico


Right sided tension pneumothorax after kick from horse

Resolved tension pneumothorax post chest drain insertione

Bjørn Håvard Wold


Right sided tension pneumothorax after kick from horse

Right tension pneumothorax post kick from horse

Bjørn Håvard Wold


Articles

Haemothorax

Chest Trauma Haemothorax

, September 30, 2010

Haemothorax

Haemothorax is a collection of blood in the pleural space and may be caused by blunt or penetrating trauma. Most haemothoraces are the result of rib fractures, lung parenchymal and minor venous injuries, and as such are self-limiting. Less commonly there is an arterial injury, which is more likely to require surgical repair.

 

Case Presentations

Traumatic diaphragmatic Injury (Right side)

b banga, December 22, 2010

A middle aged female presented with multiple # ribs and right side haemothorax after a road accident. A chest tube was put in to drain the hemothorax. She was comfortable, no respiratory distress and maintaining the oxygen saturation without oxygen supplementation. There is decrease air entry at base and check X-ray revealed markedly elevated diaphragm on Rt. Side.

C.T.Chest-suspicion of traumatic diaphragmatic hernia with herniation of liver in thorax. I planned lateral thoracotomy through 7th I.C.space. Before opening I put Laparoscope through chest tube site and confirmed the diagnosis. Liver and a part of colon were in thorax. After opening both structures could be reduced easily. Rent in diaphragm repaired with 1/0 Prolene suture. Post operative – uneventful recovery

Aortic Dissection in Blunt Trauma

Tiffany Frederickson, MD, August 21, 2010

A patient involved in a car accident causing his vehicle to roll, sustained an aortic dissection just distal to the renal arteries requiring open aortic grafting to repair it.

Research Blog Entries

PubMed ID: 19680160
J Trauma. 2009 Aug 12.
Authors: Teixeira PG, Inaba K, Oncel D, Dubose J, Chan L, Rhee P, Salim A, Browder T, Brown C, Demetriades D.

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE:: Because of its rarity and high rate of mortality, traumatic blunt cardiac rupture (BCR) has been poorly studied. The objective of this study was to use the National Trauma Data Bank to review the epidemiology and outcomes associated with traumatic BCR. METHODS:: After approved by the institutional review board, the National Trauma Data Bank (version 5.0) was queried for all BCR occurring between 2000 and 2005. Demographics, clinical injury data, interventions, and outcomes were abstracted for each patient. Statistical analysis was performed using an unpaired Student's t test or Mann-Whitney U test to compare means and chi analysis to compare proportions. Stepwise logistic regression analysis was performed to identify independent predictors of inhospital mortality. RESULTS:: Of 811,531 blunt trauma patients, 366 (0.045%) had a BCR of which 334 were available for analysis, with the mean age of 45 years, 65% were men, and their mean Injury Severity Score was 58 +/- 19. The most common mechanism of injury was motor vehicle collision (73%), followed by pedestrian struck by auto (16%), and falls from height (8%). Twenty-one patients (6%) died on arrival and 140 (42%) died in the emergency room. The overall mortality for patients arriving alive to hospital was 89%. Of the patients surviving to operation, 42% survived >24 hours of which 87% were discharged. Survivors were significantly younger (39 vs. 46 years, p = 0.04), had a lower Injury Severity Score (47 vs. 56, p = 0.02), higher Glasgow Coma Scale (10 vs. 6, p < 0.001), and were more likely to present with an systolic blood pressure >/=90 mm Hg (p = 0.01). Nevertheless, none of these factors was found to be an independent risk factor for mortality. CONCLUSION:: BCR is an exceedingly rare injury, occurring in 1 of 2400 blunt trauma patients. In patients arriving alive to hospital, traumatic BCR is associated with a high mortality rate, however, is not uniformly fatal.