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Rib fractures & Flail Chest

Chest Trauma Rib fractures & Flail Chest

, February 09, 2004

Rib fractures & Flail Chest

Chest wall injury is a extremely common following blunt trauma. It varies in severity from minor bruising or an isolated rib fracture to servere crush injuries of both hemithoraces leading to respiratory compromise.

Tension pneumothorax

Chest Trauma Pneumothorax - Tension

, February 09, 2004

Tension pneumothorax

Tension pneumothorax is the progressive build-up of air within the pleural space, usually due to a lung laceration which allows air to escape into the pleural space but not to return. Positive pressure ventilation may exacerbate this ‘one-way-valve’ effect.  Progressive build-up of pressure in the pleural space pushes the mediastinum to the opposite hemithorax, and obstructs venous return to the heart. This leads to circulatory instability and may result in traumatic arrest.

Tension Pneumothorax

The diagnosis and management of tension pneumothorax.

Karim Brohi, London, UK, July 01, 2006

Diagnosis and management of tension pneumothorax.

Pneumothorax

An overview of pneumothoraces - diagnosis & management

, May 09, 2009

Diagnosis & management of simple pneumothorax

Haemothorax

Chest Trauma Haemothorax

, September 30, 2010

Haemothorax

Haemothorax is a collection of blood in the pleural space and may be caused by blunt or penetrating trauma. Most haemothoraces are the result of rib fractures, lung parenchymal and minor venous injuries, and as such are self-limiting. Less commonly there is an arterial injury, which is more likely to require surgical repair.