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Senate panel calls for abolishing FEMA

Steve Schecter sschecter2002 at yahoo.com
Thu Apr 27 16:23:38 BST 2006

Wednesday, April 26, 2006; Posted: 11:00 p.m. EDT (03:00 GMT)

WASHINGTON (AP) -- The nation's disaster response agency should be
abolished and rebuilt from scratch to avoid a repeat of government
failures exposed by Hurricane Katrina, a Senate inquiry has concluded.

Crippled by years of poor leadership and inadequate funding, the
Federal Emergency Management Agency cannot be fixed, a bipartisan
investigation says in recommendations to be released Thursday.

Taken together, the 86 proposed reforms suggest the United States is
still woefully unprepared for a disaster such as Katrina with the start
of the hurricane season a little more than month away.

"The United States was, and is, ill-prepared to respond to a
catastrophic event of the magnitude of Hurricane Katrina," the
recommendations warn. "Catastrophic events are, by their nature,
difficult to imagine and to adequately plan for, and the existing plans
and training proved inadequate in Katrina."

The recommendations, obtained Wednesday by The Associated Press, are
the product of a seven-month investigation to be detailed in a Senate
report to be released next week.

It follows similar inquiries by the House and White House and comes in
an election year in which Democrats have seized on Katrina to attack
the Bush administration.

President Bush will visit Louisiana and Mississippi -- which bore the
brunt of Katrina's wrath -- on Thursday.

The inquiry urges yet another overhaul of the beleaguered Homeland
Security Department -- FEMA's parent agency -- which was created three
years ago and already has undergone major restructuring of duties and

It proposes creating a new agency, called the National Preparedness and
Response Authority, that would plan and carry out relief missions for
domestic disasters.

Unlike now, the authority would have a direct line of communication
with the president during major crises, and any dramatic cuts to its
budget or staffing levels would have to be approved by Congress.

It would also oversee efforts to protect critical infrastructure such
as buildings, roads and power systems, as well as Homeland Security's
medical officer.

But the inquiry calls for keeping the agency within Homeland Security,
warning that making it an independent office would cut it off from
resources the larger department could provide.

The proposal drew disdain from the Homeland Security Department and
some critics, with both sides questioning the need for another
bureaucratic shuffling that they said wouldn't accomplish much.

"It's time to stop playing around with the organizational charts and to
start focusing on government, at all levels, that are preparing for
this storm season," said Homeland Security spokesman Russ Knocke.

Former FEMA director Michael Brown said the new agency would basically
have the same mission as FEMA had a year ago, before its disaster
planning responsibilities were taken away.

"It sounds like they're just re-creating the wheel and making it look
like they're calling for change," Brown said. "If indeed that's all
they're doing, they owe more than that to the American public."

But Sen. Susan Collins, a Maine Republican who led the inquiry, said
the new agency would be "better equipped with the tools to prepare for
and respond to a disaster."

Describing FEMA as a "shambles and beyond repair," Collins said the
overall report "will help ensure that we do not have a repeat of the
failures following Hurricane Katrina."

Many of the rest of the recommendations were far less dramatic, ranging
from creating a Homeland Security Academy to better train relief staff,
to encouraging people and state and local governments to plan for
evacuating and sheltering pets during a disaster.

Most of them offered common-sense reforms, like better coordination
among all levels of government, providing reliable communications
equipment to allow emergency responders to talk to each other and
ensuring urban evacuation plans are up to date and adequate.

Concluding that FEMA was seriously underfunded, Senate investigators
called for more money for disaster planning and response at all levels
of government. They did not specify, however, how much money was needed
and skirted around whether the federal government should be providing
all the funding.

The recommendations also called for clarifying responsibilities for
levee maintenance -- highlighting the structural weaknesses of the New
Orleans flood walls against Katrina. They also urged better contracting
procedures to avoid waste or fraud in the rush to get aid to disaster

"There is no federal dollar that is spent on disaster relief and
recovery for which the government is not accountable to taxpayers," the
recommendations said.

primum non nocere

Steve Schecter, NREMT-B

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