The car was owned by the Anglo-French
Motor Car (Roger-Benz) Company who were offering demonstration
rides to the public. At the time of the crash, the car was being
driven by Arthur Edsell, an employee of the company. He had had
been driving for only 3 weeks (no driving tests or licenses existed
at that time). He had apparently tampered with the belt, causing
the car to go at twice the intended speed and was also said to
have been talking to the young lady passenger beside him.
After a six-hour inquest, the jury
returned a verdict of "Accidental Death". No prosecution
was proposed or brought against the driver or the company. The
Coroner at the enquiry is reported to have remarked:
'I trust that this sort
of nonsense will never happen again'.
12th February 1898
Purley, Surrey, UK
Businessman Henry Lindfield crashed his speeding car into a tree
and died a few hours later in Croydon Hospital. Again, a verdict
of accidental death was returned.
Death and Disability. The Neglected Disease of Modern Society.
White paper from the National Academy of
Sciences and National Research Council.
Accidental Death and Disability. The Neglected
Disease of Modern Society. Washingto DC, Division of Medical Sciences,
National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council. September
American College of Surgeons Committee
Founded with the aim of improving scoring systems, establishing
national outcomes data and to provide objective evaluation of
quality assurance and outcome.
By 1989 had recorded over 170,000 seriously injured patients from
more than 150 institutions.
Donald Trunkey publishes key article in
Trunkey DD. Trauma. Sci Am 1983;249(2):20-7.
America - A Continuing Publc Health Problem
National Academy of Sciences.
Washington DC. National Academy of Sciences.
on the Management of Patients with Major Injuries (UK)
A joint report from the Royal College of
Surgeons of England and the British Orthopaedic Association highlighting
the deficiencies of care in the severely injured patient throughout
the United Kingdom. The findings were not dissimilar to those
found in the BMA's reports of 1935
and 1939. Led to the introduction of ATLS in the UK, and three
pilot trauma centres at the Royal London Hospital, the John Radcliffe
Hospital in London and North-Staffordshire Hospital in Stoke.
Otherwise Largely ignored.
Commission on the Provision of Surgical
Services. 'Report on the Management of Patients with Major INjuries.'
London, 1988. Royal College of Surgeons
Better Care of the Severely Injured (UK)
Report from the Royal College of Surgeons
Severe Injuries working group.
Almost entirely ignored.